Congo

1920's

Oil discovery

1968

Creation of ELF-SPAFE

1969

ELF-SPAFE became Elf-Congo

1971

Dicovery of Emeraude

1982

Opening of the Elf Refinery in Pointe-Noire

2002

Total Congo starts the delivery of petroleum products

2004-2007

Major discoveries in exploration-production: MTPS, MOHIO-BILONDO...

2016

Inauguration of the TOTAL Kintélé gas station, with its Croissanterie

The presence of oil in Congo has been known since the late 1920s, when a well-known geologist, V. Lebedeff, working for the governor of French Equatorial Africa and ONCL (National Office for Liquid Fuels), discovers seepage near Pointe-Indienne. Until 1960, oil researches in Congo was carried out within the framework of French Equatorial Africa and remains closely linked to that of Gabon.

 

1948 - 1969

Exploration-Production

  • 1949, the Equatorial African Petroleum Society is created with BRP (65%) and CFP (12%).
  • 1957, SPAEF discovers a small oil and gas deposit, Pointe-Indienne.
Map of the Pointe Noire Basin
Map of the Pointe Noire basin - DR TOTAL
  • 1960, the SPAEF, in which the CFP no longer participates, became the SPAFE (Equatorial African Oil Society). Pointe-Indienne is put in production.
  • 1966, SPAFE enters under the tutelage of ERAP.
  • 1968, SPAFE becomes Elf-SPAFE.
  • 1969, Elf-SPAFE becomes Elf-Congo, obtaining new permits and discovering Emeraude.
ELF office in Pointe Noire
ELF office in Pointe Noire - DR TOTAL

 

 

Refining-Distribution

  • 1948, the CFP creates the French Company of distribution of petroleum products in French Equatorial Africa (CFDPAEF). A first 4 566 ton cargo, bought from the CFR (French Company of refining, subsidiary of the CFP), is received by the deposit of Pointe-Noire. At first, this deposit is adapted to white products; it receives these in bulk and put them in barrel to market them in French Equatorial Africa and in nearby colonies.
  • 1948, the Council decides not to build gas stations for the moment, but to place pumps at garage owners and to supply them in bulk.
  • 1950, the deposit of Pointe-Noire receives 24 000 m3 of products.
  • 1952, the CFDPAEF is acquired by CFDPA (Total). It becomes in 1953 the Company of the deposits Ocean-Congo. The CFDPA holds 60 %, the competitors 40 %. It manages the deposit of Pointe-Noire, which is opened to diesel and LPG, and which is going to be in charge of the supply of the Gabon.
  • 1953, The new company launches in 1953 the enlargement of the deposit of Pointe-Noire and the construction of the deposit of Brazzaville and, through the Company of storing of petroleum products, those of the deposit of Bangui and a deposit of gasoline - aviation in Brazzaville.
  • 1954, in October, the Council decides to adopt gradually the brand Total for its sales. AEF faces an economic crisis which impacts the volumes of sale and the prices during 1953 and 1954.
  • 1955, the deposit of Pointe-Noire delivers 38 141 m3, almost the double of the previous year, and the deposit of Brazzaville 12 915 m3
  • In 1958, the Company of the deposits Ocean-Congo acquires a holding in the Company for the development of French Congo, which aims at helping companies for which the activity will be bound to the industrial groups established on the axis Pointe-Noire - Brazzaville.
  • 1959, the Company of the deposits Ocean Congo holds on the whole AEF 11 deposits and 458 places of distribution, with a 20,9% market share.
  • 1962, from this year, the minutes of the board of directors of the CFDPA - which is going to become Total western Africa - contain no more figure on the activity of companies DOC (Deposits Ocean Congo) and SEPP (which manages the deposit for aviation of Brazzaville).

1970 - 1989

Exploration-Production

  •  1971, Elf-Congo starts Marine Emeraude production.
Platforms of the offshore field of Emerald
Platforms of the offshore field of Emerald - DR TOTAL
  • 1973, Elf Gabon succeeds to Elf Spafe in June and gives back its rights to the Pointe-Indienne concession to Elf Congo. The production of North Emeraude starts.
  • 1977, Elf-Congo starts the production of Loango Marine 2.
  • 1980, Elf-Congo inaugurates Likouala Marine.
Development of Kouala Marine field
Development of Likouala Marine field - DR Total
  • 1981, Elf-Congo develops Yanga
Yanga platform
Yanga platform - DR TOTAL
  • 1982, Elf-Congo discovers Louvasi deep.
  • 1983, Elf-Congo launches Yanga production and Sendji development.
  • 1984, Elf-Congo discovers Tchibouela, then Kombi in 1985.
Tchibouela platform
Tchibouela platform. ©Huneau André - Total

 

  • 1987 Elf obtains the renewal of the Pointe-Noire Grands Fonds permit with an interest of 65%. The Company discovers oil in Chibali, South-West Loussima, puts into production Tchibouela and develops the Zatchi deposit.
  • 1988-1989, Elf has the confirmation of discovery on Kombi and develops Zatchi and Loango. It is entrusted with the development of Chendo. In 1989 it becomes an operator on the Marine III licence.

 

Refining-Distribution

  • In 1972, the CFP commissiones the Djéno oil terminal to handle more than 95% of crude oil production and is a strong link in the country’s oil activity. Its strategic role lies in the processing, storage and shipping of the entire production.
  • 1981, compensation for the nationalization of DOC and SEPP is paid to Total Africa.
  • 1982, Elf inaugurates the refinery at Pointe Noire (Congo), to the benefit of CORAF (Congolese refining), made up of Elf (40%) and HydroCongo (60%).

1990 - 2000

Exploration-Production

  • 1990, Elf obtains new permits: Haute-Mer and La Loémé and above all, confirms the discovery of the great Nkossa deposit, discovered in 1984: the permit of Nkossa is awarded for thirty years, in which Elf will decrease its participation to 51% in 1994.
  • 1991-1992, The State takes over 15% of the Yanga-Sendji deposit. Elf launches the EOR program on Emeraude. The following year it makes other discoveries: N'Soko Marine, Litanzi, …
  • 1995, the state gives to Elf Congo the 25% it holds in Elf-Congo since its creation in 1969. The following year the Company confirms the discovery of Moho and starts Nkossa production.
Floating Unit of N'Kossa
Floating Unit of N'Kossa. ©Houlbreque Gérard - Total 
  • 1997, Elf becomes operator of the Deep South Sea Permit.
  • 1998, Elf starts the production of East Chibouela.
  • 1999, Total enters two permits in the North and South Deep Sea areas. Elf puts into production Kombi and Likalala.
  • 2000, the Group produces 121 kbj in  Congo.

2001 - 2019

Exploration - Production

  • 2004, the group discovers oil on the Very Deep South Sea Permit (Mer très profonde du Sud - MTPS).
  • 2006, Total discovers oil on MTPS and Moho-Bilondo permits.
  • 2007, two major discoveries are made on the Moho-Bilondo licence and two more on the MTPS licence, Cassiopée Est Marine
  • 2008, the group launches Moho-Bilondo.
  • 2013, Total receives the Haute Mer B permit in (Total 34.62%, op.)
  • 2015, Moho Bilondo Phase 1b enters into production.
  • 2016, at the end of duties, Total gives back its interests to the State for the fields of Chibouela, Chendo, Litanzi, Tchiboueli.

 

Distribution

  • 2002, Total Congo reconnects with the distribution of petroleum products. The Congo creates the SCLOG (joint logistics company), partnership between the State and Total, Chevron-Texaco, and PEX.
  • 2016, Total Congo inaugurates Total Kintélé Fleuve, which opens on November the 15th with its “La croissanterie” restaurant area in Brazzaville and is commissioned on December the 13th by Total Bouansa in the Bouenza department.